Meniere’s syndrome is named after the French doctor Prosper Meniere and is defined as a combination of irregular incidents of neurosensory hearing loss associated with tinnitus and vertigo episodes that tend to occur in waves. To these three classic symptoms, a fourth has been added – a feeling of pressure in the ailing ear.
The patient initially experiences a feeling of occlusion in one ear; confused, abnormal sense of hearing; and tinnitus. These problems are often attributed to a problem with the auditory tube and are treated with nasal decongestants or even antibiotics. The problem goes away temporarily until relapsing, possibly leaving a small loss of hearing, tinnitus and a feeling of occlusion. Within the first year of the first onset of symptoms, and often following a period of increased pressure in the ear, decreased hearing capacity or intense tinnitus, the patient experiences a lasting episode of vertigo (up to hours), which may bring about a sense of instability (with a duration of up to several days) and hearing loss.